Export controls, which govern international commerce and safeguard national security, have been a part of United States law since the 1940s. They have evolved over the past several decades into a sophisticated set of regulatory tools with broad application. As such, they can impact a range of activities, from shipping items overseas to transferring technical data to non-U.S. persons on campus.
Many activities at Princeton are not subject to export controls because Princeton supports the free publication of research results. In addition, the University does not allow research sponsors to exclude individuals from participating. As a result, our research generally qualifies for the Fundamental Research Exclusion to export control regulations. However, even when the results of a research project are excluded, the export of any equipment developed during that project may still require an export license.